Department of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin, Edo State, Nigeria
Pattern of Use and Effects of Codeine Products and Alcohol among Youths in Keffi, Nigeria
Author(s): Kenneth Anene* and Anyo
Background: The potential for overuse and misuse of codeine-containing
medications and alcohol is not only detrimental to a person’s health but has
broader consequences in terms of its cost and implications for a wider society.
This study assessed the pattern of use of codeine products and alcohol and its
effects among the youths in Keffi Community, Nigeria.
Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among 172
youths aged 18-40 years who visited Federal Medical Centre, Keffi during the
study period. A study-specific questionnaire was self-administered to study
participants and in-depth interviews were conducted for 15 participants that met
the DSM-IV scale of codeine dependence. The health care professionals were
also interviewed. Data analysis was done using SPSS package version 20,
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