Pattern of Use and Effects of Codeine Products and Alcohol among Youths in Keffi, Nigeria

Author(s): Kenneth Anene* and Anyo

Background: The potential for overuse and misuse of codeine-containing medications and alcohol is not only detrimental to a person’s health but has broader consequences in terms of its cost and implications for a wider society. This study assessed the pattern of use of codeine products and alcohol and its effects among the youths in Keffi Community, Nigeria.

Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among 172 youths aged 18-40 years who visited Federal Medical Centre, Keffi during the study period. A study-specific questionnaire was self-administered to study participants and in-depth interviews were conducted for 15 participants that met the DSM-IV scale of codeine dependence. The health care professionals were also interviewed. Data analysis was done using SPSS package version 20, univariate and bivariate analysis and chi-square statistics.

Results: Of the male participants, 61.8% of them abused codeine products,and the use of codeine product was significantly associated with male gender, post-secondary, being single, and student (P<0.05) unlike the participants age (P>0.05). About 52.4% of them reported the use of alcohol and other substances was not significantly associated with participants gender, age and educational background (P>0.05) unlike marital and employment status (P<0.05).

Conclusions: The Codeine use pattern amongst the youths in Keffi community was found to be associated with the male gender, post-secondary education, being single, and students while alcohol use pattern was found to be associated with being single, students and unemployment status.


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