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Prescribing Pattern for Skin Diseases in Dermatology OPD of in Boru Meda Hospital, North East, Ethiopia

Author(s): Abebaw Tegegne*

Introduction: Skin diseases are the major contributors of disease burden in society. The ultimate goal in dermatological therapy is to use the safest and least number of drugs in order to obtain the best possible effect in the shortest period at reasonable cost. The problem gets compounded with the inappropriate and irrational use of medicines. Therefore, periodic prescription audit in the form of prescribing patterns is away to improve irrational prescription. The objective of this study to assess the prescription patterns of dermatological agents in Boru Meda hospital. Methods: Hospital based retrospective cross-sectional study in which prescribing patterns of dermatological agents are assessed. A total of 385 samples of patient record prescription from November/1/2016 to December/30/2016, and the sample were selected by systematic random sampling technique. Sample prescriptions were reviewed using structural data collection format. The Collected data was analyzed by using SPSS version 20. Results: Regarding sex and age of patients, the maximum numbers were male between the age group of 21-30 years (25.52%) and in female 21-30 years (32.64%). Topical steroids were the most commonly prescribed drugs (25.3%). The prevalence of atopic dermatitis was higher (26.3%, 20.8%) in both male and female respectively followed by scabies in male with 12.2% and Acne vulgaris (12.9%) in female. Number of drugs per prescription was higher (2.46) than WHO standard (<2). Conclusion: The current study reveals that topical corticosteroids were commonly prescribed drugs in the dermatology unit and the prescribing practice imitates incidence of polypharmacy.


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