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Anti-Gingivitis Effect of an Ayurvedic Formulation Versus 0.2% Chlorhexidine on Maintenance Phase: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Author(s): Shahabe Saquib*

Introduction: Over 90% of the world populations suffer from chronic gingivitis. Gingivitis is characterized by tender, red, swollen gums that bleed easily. Treatment for gingivitis is effective if initiated in the early stages of the disease. Objective: This study was conducted to examine the efficacy of formulated ayurvedic anti-gingivitis agent compared to the 0.2% chlorhexidine on maintenance phase of gingivitis cases. Material and Methods: A total of 112 patients with a history of gingivitis were randomly divided in to 2 groups. A double blinded randomized controlled clinical trial was carried out. Plaque index and gingival index were measured at the baseline, 1st, 2nd and 4th weeks. Scaling was done for both the groups at the first visit. All the subjects in Group 1 (test group) were instructed to massage their gums with the ayurvedic powder twice a day after brushing their teeth whereas as subjects in Group 2 (control group) were given 10 ml of 0.2% of chlorhexidine mouth wash. Plaque index and gingival index were recorded at the baseline and at the end of 1st, 2nd and 4th week. The data obtained were analyzed using student t test and Mann-Whitney test. Results: Both the groups showed reduction in gingival inflammation after professionally performed oral prophylaxis. There was no statistically significant difference in the rate of reduction of inflammation at any point of time between the 2 groups (p<0.05). Conclusion: Ayurvedic adjuvant may be efficacious with good acceptance and could be used as an alternative for people interested in natural products for maintenance phase of gingival diseases.

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