Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 14978

Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy received 14978 citations as per google scholar report

Indexed In

Catherine Jovel*
Department of Medical Science, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
*Correspondence: Catherine Jovel, Department of Medical Science, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, Email:

Received: 12-Jan-2024, Manuscript No. Jbclinphar-24-129120; Editor assigned: 16-Jan-2024, Pre QC No. Jbclinphar-24-129120 (PQ); Reviewed: 29-Jan-2024 QC No. Jbclinphar-24-129120; Revised: 05-Feb-2024, Manuscript No. Jbclinphar-24-129120 (R); Published: 12-Feb-2024

Citation: Jovel C. Advancements and Challenges in the Research and Development of Antidiabetic Medicines. J Basic Clin Pharma.2024,15(1):336.

This open-access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY-NC) (, which permits reuse, distribution and reproduction of the article, provided that the original work is properly cited and the reuse is restricted to noncommercial purposes. For commercial reuse, contact


Diabetes mellitus, a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia, remains a global health challenge. With the prevalence of diabetes steadily rising worldwide, the need for effective antidiabetic agents has never been more critical. Fortunately, the pharmaceutical industry has made significant strides in developing a diverse array of medications to manage diabetes and its complications. From traditional insulin therapy to innovative drugs targeting novel pathways, the landscape of antidiabetic agents is constantly evolving. Historically, insulin has been the cornerstone of diabetes management. Discovered nearly a century ago, insulin revolutionized the treatment of diabetes and remains indispensable for individuals with type 1 diabetes and many with type 2 diabetes who require insulin supplementation. Over the years, advancements in insulin formulations and delivery devices have improved treatment efficacy and patient convenience.

The development of oral antidiabetic agents has transformed diabetes care, offering patients non-invasive options for glycemic control. Sulfonylureas, biguanides, thiazolidinediones, and alpha-glucosidase inhibitors are among the traditional oral medications that have been widely used for decades. While effective in lowering blood glucose levels, these drugs are associated with adverse effects and limitations, including hypoglycemia, gastrointestinal discomfort, and weight gain. In recent years, incretin-based therapies have emerged as a promising addition to the antidiabetic armamentarium. Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor Agonists (GLP-1 RAs) and Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitors (DPP-4 inhibitors) exploit the incretin pathway to enhance insulin secretion, suppress glucagon release, and promote satiety. These agents offer several advantages, including a lower risk of hypoglycemia, weight neutrality or even weight loss, and cardiovascular benefits. Moreover, the once-daily or weekly dosing regimens of GLP-1 RAs provide convenience and improved adherence compared to traditional therapies.

Another class of antidiabetic agents that has gained momentum in recent years is Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors. By inhibiting renal glucose reabsorption, SGLT2 inhibitors promote glycosuria and lower blood glucose levels. Beyond glycemic control, these agents offer additional benefits, such as weight loss, blood pressure reduction and cardiovascular and renal protection. However, concerns regarding rare but serious adverse events, including genital mycotic infections and euglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis, underscore the importance of careful patient selection and monitoring. As our understanding of diabetes pathophysiology deepens, there is growing recognition of the heterogeneity within the diabetic population. Precision medicine approaches aim to customize treatment strategies to individual patient characteristics, including genetic predisposition, metabolic profile, and comorbidities. Personalized algorithms integrating clinical data with biomarker information may help optimize treatment outcomes and minimize adverse effects.

The quest for novel antidiabetic agents continues, with researchers exploring innovative targets and therapeutic modalities. Among the most promising candidates are glucagon receptor antagonists, which inhibit hepatic glucose production without causing hypoglycemia. Additionally, dual or triple agonists targeting multiple metabolic pathways offer the potential for enhanced efficacy and improved glycemic control. Furthermore, gene-editing technologies, such as CRISPR-Cas9, has the potential of correcting genetic defects underlying monogenic forms of diabetes, creating the way for curative therapies. Despite the remarkable progress in antidiabetic drug development, several challenges persist. Access to affordable medications remains a barrier for many patients, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Moreover, the complexity of diabetes management requires a multidisciplinary approach involving healthcare providers, educators and patients themselves. Adherence to treatment regimens, lifestyle modifications, and regular monitoring are essential components of diabetes care that require ongoing support and education.